Otherwise known as a "deep cleaning," scaling and root planing is a procedure required for patients with chronic periodontitis, a disease of the gum and bones. Chronic periodontitis occurs when there is a significant amount of bacteria, plaque and calculus build-up beneath the gums causing the bones to resorb away potentially leading to the loss of teeth. Periodontitis is directly correlated to poor systemic health such as heart disease and diabetes.
Scaling and root planing treatments typically requires anywhere from 3-5 visits with each visit focusing on a certain region of the mouth. Once the periodontitis, the bones and gum heal and stabilize, stopping the bone loss process.